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he purpose of such a gear may not be immediately obvious. The power produced by an engine increases with the engine’s RPM to a maximum, then falls away. The point of maximum power is somewhat lower than the absolute maximum RPM to which the engine is limited, the “redline” RPM. A car’s speed is limited by the power required to drive it against air resistance, which increases with speed. At the maximum possible speed, the engine is running at its point of maximum power, or power peak, and the car is traveling at the speed where air resistance equals that maximum power. There is therefore one specific gear ratio at which the car can achieve its maximum speed: the one that matches that engine speed with that travel speed.[1] At travel speeds below this maximum, there is a range of gear ratios that can match engine power to air resistance, and the most fuel efficient is the one that results in the lowest engine speed. Therefore, a car needs one gearing to reach maximum speed but another to reach maximum fuel efficiency at a lower speed.he purpose of such a gear may not be immediately obvious. The power produced by an engine increases with the engine’s RPM to a maximum, then falls away. The point of maximum power is somewhat lower than the absolute maximum RPM to which the engine is limited, the “redline” RPM. A car’s speed is limited by the power required to drive it against air resistance, which increases with speed. At the maximum possible speed, the engine is running

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